” Macedonia my divine motherland” SG
Occupying the bigger part of Northern Greece, Macedonia first appears on the historical scene as a geographical-political superpower in the 7th century BC, (around 810 BC) when it
extended from the upper waters of the Haliakmon river and mount Olympus to the river Strymon. At this time the Greek tribe of the Macedones called the Argeads (of Dorian decent) who have migrated from the south (Argos) and whose home was in Orestis, began to expand, driving out the Thracians and contending with the Illyrians, and gradually settling in the region called “Lower Macedonia or, Macedonia by the Sea”.
This time is the official begining of the Argead or Macedonian Empire — more about the origins of the Argeads to be posted very soom..
The country was self-sufficient in products to meet basic needs (timber, cereals, game, fish, livestock, minerals) and soon became the exclusive supplier of other Greek states less blessed by nature, though at the same time it came to be the target of expansionist schemes dictated largely by economic interests. A particularly “introspective” land, with conservative customs (still existing today, if I can say based on my personal experience of my upbringing by my Macedonian parents) and way of life and social structure and political organization of markedly archaic character, speaking a distinctive form of the Doric dialect, Macedonia took over the reigns of the Greek spirit in the 4th century BC when the city-state was entering on its decline, revealing admirable adaptability in the face of the demands of the present and the achievements of the past, and ingenuity and boldness when confronted with the problems of the future. The country was quickly transformed into a performer of new roles, opening up new roads towards the epoch of the Hellenism of the three continents.
This is about when Alexanders’ father, King Philip II of Macedon (359 BC) succeeded as the ruler of the Macedonian Empire.
…more about Phillip and Alexander coming up…
Note: Please see future post dated 10-09-11: From Hercules to Alexander – for more information about the Argead Dynasty and the legent of Ancient Macedonia.